Terpenoids are commonly used outside of cannabis for their aromas. People infuse terpenes into different ingredients to create spices, perfumes, and essential oils. However, there is a growing body of research showing that terpenoids are important players in modulating the effects of cannabinoids.
Recent studies have shown that terpenes can change, increase or reduce the duration and intensity of the effects coming from a specific strain, in addition to influencing the smell and taste of the buds. In other words, without the terpenes, the effects of different high CBD strains would be bland and lack additional health benefits.
In a similar way to what happens with spices and herbs that we add to a recipe, terpenes give the plant its characteristic smell and taste. Terpenes are essential oils from plants, and they can drastically change their scent.
There are around 100 terpenes in hemp, providing aromas ranging from fruity to earthy pungent. We can also find them in other vegetables. They are not psychoactive, and are located in the trichomes of the plant.
Terpenes and terpenoids are often used interchangeably, but they are slightly different. Terpenoids are derived from terpenes or molecularly similar compounds. In other words, they are terpenes slightly modified to produce the desired effect.
Terpenes are found in a wide variety of plants, having similar qualities. For example, the terpene called linalool is reputed to provide a relaxing effect. Linalool is also found in lavender, which is used in herbal teas, perfumes, and lotions.
Hemp can contain many different terpenes.
Myrcene has an earthy, musky aroma and can be found in other plants such as hops, cardamom, thyme, and mango. Fresh and pungent, myrcene has a very noticeable smell and taste. When it evaporates at a temperature of 166 ° C, the aroma can be detected at a good distance. It is also the most abundant terpene.
Myrcene is known for its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and insomnia-fighting properties. Users report that it provides a feeling of relaxation or drowsiness in varieties high in myrcene.
Limonene, as the name suggests, possesses a citrus flavor and a fresh, sour aroma. It can be found in lemon, lime, grapes, and mint. Limonene can help improve concentration, mood, and relieve stress. Users report an exhilarating feeling of euphoria and creativity.
Pinene is reminiscent of the forest, as it has an earthy aroma very similar to that of pine trees. We find it in rosemary, pine needles and citrus peel. Pinene has gastroprotective and antiseptic qualities. There are people who say they feel more creative and concentrated after using varieties with a high concentration of pinene.
Caryophyllene has a very distinctive pungent and pungent aroma, as well as a powerful odor. It is found in cloves, cinnamon and pepper. Studies have shown that caryophyllene is an anti-inflammatory that activates the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Varieties rich in caryophyllene can have a stimulating effect and promote an overall sense of calm.
Linalool has a delicate floral aroma, and a slight fresh citrus flavor with hints of spice. It is found in lavender, sage, coriander, and rosewood. Linalool has long been used in traditional herbalism as an anti-inflammatory that promotes general relaxation, as well as an insect repellent. Users experience mild sedative effects and an overall sense of calm. Many have reported pain relief in cannabis products with high concentrations of linalool.
Humulene has a woody smell and earthy flavor, with hints of spice. It is found in hops, sage, ginger, ginseng, cloves, and black pepper. Humulene can provide many therapeutic benefits, and it has long been used in traditional medicine as an appetite suppressant and antiproliferative agent.